Learning outcomes are statements that describe the learning that students can demonstrate at the end of a course, program, or class.
Structure of a Learning Outcome:
- an action work that identifies the performance to be demonstrated
- a learning statement that specifies what learning will be demonstrated in the performance
- a broad statement of criterion or standard for acceptable performance
ABCD (audience, behavior, condition, and degree) method:
- Audience: Who is the target audience? (e.g., "FYS students will be able to")
- Behavior: What is the work to be accomplished by the learner? (e.g., "distinguish")
- Should be both observable and measurable behaviors
- Should refer to action verbs that describe behaviors
- avoid verbs such as know, understand, learn, believe, know
- Condition: What are the conditions/constraints in which the learners will be expected to perform these tasks? (e.g., "at the end of the class")
- Degree: How will the behavior need to be performed (e.g., "between primary and secondary sources")
- example: At the end of the course, FYS students will be able to distinguish between primary and secondary sources
Action phrase + in order to + action phrase
•Example: FYS students will be able to craft search strategies in order to find one relevant article from a peer-reviewed journal.