This period roughly corresponds to 50–20,000 BCE and witnessed the arrive anatomically modern humans, Homo sapiens, to the Near East. These hominins occupied all of the Near East, but primarily residing in the mountainous areas. This period largely corresponds with the Last Glacial Maximum, a period of great, when the ice sheets were at their greatest extent. The Near East, however, was not covered with ice, but it was an extremely cold and dry place. The first humans were primarily hunter-gatherers and resided in temporary camps, including caves. Their material cultural package is often called Aurignacian in the Levant and Baradostian in areas of western Iran and eastern Iraq.
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