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ARCH 21908: Archaeology of the Ancient Near East : Late Bronze Age

This guide will help you get started with your research for Archaeology of the Ancient Near East

Late Bronze Age (LBA)

The Late Bronze Age (about 1,550–1,200 BCE) set the stage for the decline of Mesopotamia and the Dark Ages that lasted well into the Iron Age. Although the Elamites continued to flourish in southwestern Iran and the Hittites grew in Anatolia, the Assyrian and Babylonian power houses of old came under the rule of the Hurrians and Kassites, respectively. As Mesopotamia waned, Egypt experienced the most prosperous and powerful period in its history in the New Kingdom.

Key Sites

Mari (Syria)

Ugarit (Syria)

Ashkalon (Israel)

Thebes (Egypt)

Troy (Turkey)

Key Citations

Alizadeh, Abbas

2010  The Rise of the Highland Elamite State in Southwestern Iran: “Enclosed” or Enclosing Nomadism? Current Anthropology 51(3):353–383. DOI:10.1086/652437.

Collins, Billie Jean

2007  The Hittites and Their World. Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta.

Glatz, Claudia

2009  Empire as network: Spheres of material interaction in Late Bronze Age Anatolia. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 28(2):127–141. DOI:10.1016/j.jaa.2008.10.003.

Healy, Mark

1992  New Kingdom Egypt. Osprey, Oxford.


Knapp, A. Bernard, and Sturt W. Manning

2016  Crisis in Context: The End of the Late Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean. American Journal of Archaeology 120(1):99–149. DOI:10.3764/aja.120.1.0099.


Merrillees, Robert S.

1986  Political Conditions in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Late Bronze                Age. The Biblical Archaeologist 49(1):42–50. DOI:10.2307/3209981.

Na’aman, Nadav

1994  The Hurrians and the End of the Middle Bronze Age in Palestine. Levant 26(1):175–187. DOI:10.1179/lev.1994.26.1.175.

Redford, Donald B.

  2000  Egypt and Western Asia in the Late New Kingdom: an Overview. In The Sea Peoples and Their World: A Reassessment, edited by Eliezer D. Oren, pp. 1–20. The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Sommerfeld, Walter

1995  The Kassites of ancient Mesopotamia: origins, politics, and culture. In Civlizations of the Ancient Near East, edited by Jack Sasson and John Baines, 2:pp. 917–930. Scribner, New York.

Van Lerberghe, Karel 1947-

1995  Kassites and Old Babylonian Society. A Reappraisal. In Immigration and Emigration Within the Ancient Near East, edited by Karel 1947- Van Lerberghe and A. Schoors, pp. 379–393. Uitgeverij Peeters en Departement Oriëntalistiek, Leuven.