Antiquity (about 539 BCE to 634 CE), marked the end of the classic history of the entirety of the Near East. Nearly all of the small and large states and empires of Mesopotamia, Turkey, Egypt, and Levant were subsumed and conquered by the Achaemenid Empire of Iran (539–330 BCE); which spanned from eastern China to North Africa, making the most extensive empire seen to-date. The Achaemenid Empire, known for its extensive and detailed system of governance and bureaucracy, long-distance trade networks along the Silk Road, and the home of the first Iranian religion, Zoroastrianism
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